AP Exam Five Antebellum-Reconstruction

 
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1
Resistance to imperial control in the British colonies drew from all of the following except?
A.
colonial experience of self-government
 
B.
political thought of the Enlightenment
 
C.
greater religious independence and diversity
 
D.
ideology that trusted governments and imperial control
 
2
Which of the following acts involved printed materials, legal document, newspapers, pamphlets, almanacs, bonds, leases, deeds, licenses, insurance policies, college diplomas, and even playing cards?
A.
The Tea Act
 
B.
The Intolerable Acts
 
C.
The Paper Press Act
 
D.
The Stamp Act
 
3
Why did Colonial boycotts and nonimportation agreements become such a real leveraging tool for colonist?
A.
The Amrican colonies had become a major market for British goods
 
B.
Colonist sent raw materials to England
 
C.
England need the colonist labor for finished goods
 
D.
Boycotts and nonimportation had little if any effect
 
4
Using Sage and Sassafras and wearing homespun garments became a symbol of...?
A.
Colonial manufacturing capability
 
B.
Colonial poverty
 
C.
English treatment of its colonies
 
D.
Colonial defiance and English goods and ploicies
 
5 widget
The engraving by Paul Revere was a form of
A.
Colonial propaganda
 
B.
English propoganda
 
C.
Advertisement for Sons of Liberty
 
D.
Militia training
 
6
It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace²but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? "What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!" The above excerpt was given to the Virginia assembly at St. John's Church by which of the following patriots?
A.
George Washington
 
B.
John Adams
 
C.
Benedict Arnold
 
D.
Patrick Henry
 
7
Which of the following BEST describe Patrick Henry's speech before the Virginia Assembly at St John's Church in 1775?
A.
A call to reconcile with England
 
B.
A sermon to evoke God's presence on the side of the Colonists
 
C.
A call to action in the war for independence
 
D.
A diplomatic effort to win French or other foreign support
 
8
"Mr. President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren till she transforms us into beasts. Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation?" The above excerpt from Patrick Henry's speech was refutation of which of the following arguments against independence?
A.
Those desiring Indian and French support
 
B.
Those hoping for eventual reconciliation with Great Britain
 
C.
Those saying the colonies were too weak
 
D.
Those saying the colonies lack foreign support
 
9
Washington's surprise move on Christmas night 1776 was at:
A.
Albany
 
B.
Trenton
 
C.
Atlanta
 
D.
Philadelphia
 
10
Washington was able to use the time at Valley Forge to:
A.
recruit thousands more soldiers
 
B.
train the Continental Army
 
C.
develop new weapons of war
 
D.
plan future battles
 
11
Washington's army spent the winter f 1777-1778 at:
A.
Fort Detroit
 
B.
New York
 
C.
Myrtle Beech
 
D.
Valley Forge
 
12
Political Revolutions often spawn social revolutions, and the turmoil of the Revolution allowed for outlets for long-festering frustrations among the lower ranks. Political participation and opportunities afforded by the creation of new state governments after the revolution led to which of the following?
A.
more ordinary citizens participating than ever before
 
B.
less ordinary citizens participating than ever before
 
C.
more aristocrats and rich participating
 
D.
more monarchies developing
 
13
African-American soldiers or sailors were present at most major Revolutionary battles, from lexington to Yorktown, most of them serving on the Loyalist side. However slaves serving in the cause of independence often received which of the following?
A.
freedom and land bounties
 
B.
land bounties only
 
C.
freedom only
 
D.
payment for service but not freedom
 
14
"The incorporation of a bank and the powers assumed by this bill have not, in my opinion, been delegated to the United States by the Constitution." Which of the founding father was most like to have said the above?
A.
Thomas Jefferson
 
B.
Alexander Hamilton
 
C.
John Adams
 
D.
George H. Bush
 
15
"If the end be clearly included within any of the specified powers, and if the measure have an obvious relation to that end and is not forbidden by any particular provision of the Constitution, it may safely be said to come within the scope of the national government." Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton's view above confirms which of the following of his views about government.
A.
Thought that the rich, educated and wellborn were the people who should rule
 
B.
Favored a strong central government andSupported a loose interpretation of the Constitution
 
C.
Wanted to raise voting qualifications
 
D.
Preferred a more democratic government
 
16
"Yet the Constitution allows only the means which are “necessary,” not those which are merely “convenient,” for effecting the enumerated powers. If such a freedom of construction is allowed to this phrase as to give a non-enumerated power, it will go to every one. Therefore it was that the Constitution restrained them to the necessary means—that is to say, to those means without the grant of the power would be worthless."

Which of the following most likely said the above?
A.
Thomas Jefferson
 
B.
Alexander Hamilton
 
C.
John Jay
 
D.
Madison Bumgardner
 
17
What did the Jefferson administration rely on for National revenue?
A.
western land sales and tariffs
 
B.
internal sales taxes and excises
 
C.
state funded mandates
 
D.
a national income tax on the wealthy
 
18
The challenge Thomas Jefferson faced when authorizing the purchase of the Louisiana territory was...?
A.
violating his loose interpretation of the constitution
 
B.
violating his strict interpretation of the constitution
 
C.
bypassing congress for approval
 
D.
circumventing the supreme court
 
19
One of the first threats at secession was from a New England group of Federalists named?
A.
Essex Junto
 
B.
Hartford Conventionist
 
C.
Seneca Falls Group
 
D.
Sons of Liberty
 
20
Supreme Court decisions sought to assert federal power was subservient to state laws and the relative insignificant role of the judiciary in determining the meaning of the Constitution.
True  
False  
21
"That the Virginia General Assembly doth particularly protest against the palpable and alarming infractions of the Constitution, in the two late cases of the "Alien and Sedition Acts" passed at the last session of Congress."

The above passage is most likely from which of the following documents?
A.
Virginia Resolution
 
B.
Kentucky Resolution
 
C.
Alien Act
 
D.
Sedition Act
 
22
Early Native American societies responded to the lack of natural resources in the Great Basin and western Great Plains
A.
by developing largely mobile lifestyles.
 
B.
by learning to mold steel and build bridges
 
C.
by going to Europe and bringing back horses
 
D.
by build large wooden homes and settling down
 
23
Spanish and Portuguese traders reached West Africa and partnered with some African groups to exploit local resources and...?
A.
learn new technologies
 
B.
find indentured servants
 
C.
learn tobacco farming techniques
 
D.
recruit slave labor for the Americas.
 
24
The introduction of which of the following by the Spanish had far-reaching effects on native settlement patterns as well as on economic, social, and political development in the Western Hemisphere.
A.
small pox
 
B.
new governments
 
C.
new crops and livestock
 
D.
monarchies
 
25
In which region of the colonies did most immigrants settle in?
A.
Middle
 
B.
Northern
 
C.
Southern
 
D.
New England
 
26
Which of the characteristics describes everybody in colonial society (with the exception of Africans) having the opportunity to improve their standard of living and social status by hard work?
A.
Heriditary Aristocracy
 
B.
Social Mobility
 
C.
Self-Government
 
D.
Religious Toleration
 
27
In the Southern Colonies a shortage of which of the following led to the increased use of slaves on large plantation growing cash crops?
A.
Sweet Tobacco Seeds
 
B.
Indentured Servants
 
C.
Irish Immigrants
 
D.
Trade Routes
 
28
Which of the following was the dominant religion in the colonies?
A.
Catholocism
 
B.
Quakers
 
C.
Deism
 
D.
Protestantism
 
29
Which preacher wrote the sermon "Sinners in the hands of an angry God?"
A.
John Winthrop
 
B.
Jonathan Edwards
 
C.
Cotton Mather
 
D.
John Bartram
 
30
The Puritans who settled New England hoped to:
A.
create a model Christian society based on biblical principles
 
B.
establish good trade relations with the French in Canada
 
C.
get rich quick from gold and silver minning
 
D.
separate from the Church of England and have religious freedom
 
31
"Separatist" established the colony of:
A.
Georgia
 
B.
Mayland
 
C.
Massachusetts Bay
 
D.
Plymouth
 
32
Anne Hutchinson:
A.
claimed to have received direct revelations from God
 
B.
challenged the authority of Puritans ministers and their sermons
 
C.
was banished from Massachusetts Bay
 
D.
All of the above are true
 
33
Which of the following colonies was settled for the purpose of providing a buffer between English investment in the south and Spanish controlled Florida and a place to send debtors from England?
A.
Georgia
 
B.
South Carolina
 
C.
North Carolina
 
D.
Tennessee
 
34
What other event in U.S. history can the Salem Witch Hunts be likened to?
A.
Civil War draft rights
 
B.
Senator Joseph McCarthy's hunt for communist
 
C.
President Nixon's impeachment hearings
 
D.
President Clinton's impeachment hearings
 
35
Differences in imperial goals, cultures, and North American environments that different empires confronted led Europeans to develop
A.
diverse patterns of colonization
 
B.
a system that need slave labor
 
C.
various types of naval bases
 
D.
economic systems of trade with India
 
36
Spain sought to establish tight control over the process of colonization and to...?
A.
convert and exploit the native population
 
B.
destroy the other European nations influence
 
C.
compete with China in the global market
 
D.
stamp out the use of African slave
 
37
Which of the following entitled many proprietors to form monopolies of territories and royal protection
A.
Royal Charters
 
B.
Joint-Stock Charters
 
C.
Constitutions
 
D.
Social Contracts
 
38
The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588:
A.
allowed the English to colonize the New World
 
B.
led to the execution of Christopher Columbus
 
C.
was King Henry VIII's greatest military achievement
 
D.
gave France control of Brazil
 
39
Horses became so valuable to Natives Americans they:
A.
provoked intertribal competition and warfare and depleted natural resources
 
B.
were hard to purchase
 
C.
became major food source
 
D.
were rarely killed
 
40
The bribing of pirates was a common practice for nations and the U.S. gave bribes to the Barbary Pirates during Jefferson's presidency. Which of the following nations wanted more money from the US which led to a military operation?
A.
Italy
 
B.
England
 
C.
France
 
D.
Tripoli
 
41
The American success in the War of 1812 led to a tremendous sense of national pride and unity
True  
False  
42
Which of the following nation did James Madison’s war message target for the impressment of U.S. sailors?
A.
Spain
 
B.
France
 
C.
Great Britain
 
D.
Europe
 
43
Which event in US history helped to reverse the Republican Parties views on all of the below issues?
High Tariffs
Nationalism
Peacetime Military
National Bank
Broader Constitutional view
Need for infrastructure
A.
Revolutionary War
 
B.
XYZ Affair
 
C.
Genet Affair
 
D.
War of 1812
 
44
All of the following were suggested amendments to the Constitution by...?

Prohibit trade embargo
2/3rd majority for war declaration
Remove 3/5ths rep for South 
Limit Pres. To one term
Each Pres. must be from different state of previous one
A.
Seneca Falls Convention
 
B.
Hartford Convention
 
C.
Essex Junto Convention
 
D.
Constitutional Convention
 
45
The second great awakening was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT?
A.
efforts to counter the rationalism and disbelief
 
B.
belief in free will in combination with the doctrine of original sin
 
C.
efforts to appeal to peoples emotions
 
D.
growing unity among Protestant Churches that merged into one church
 
46
According to the Cult of Domesticity, woman's proper role was.
A.
teaching in the growing number of free public schools
 
B.
balancing the obligations of family and career
 
C.
leading the movement for political and social reform
 
D.
acting as moral leader and educator of the family
 
47
When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes that impel them to such a course.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

Seneca Falls 1848

Which of the following does not agree with the above document?
A.
Women's suffrage
 
B.
Women's equality
 
C.
Cult of Domesticity
 
D.
Women's liberation
 
48
Upon the pretext that Texas, a nation as independent as herself, thought proper to unite its destinies with our own she has affected to believe that we have severed her rightful territory, and in official proclamations and manifestoes has repeatedly threatened to make war upon us for the purpose of reconquering Texas. In the meantime we have tried every effort at reconciliation. The cup of forbearance had been exhausted even before the recent information from the frontier of the Del Norte. But now, after reiterated menaces, Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil. She has proclaimed that hostilities have commenced, and that the two nations are now at war.

James K. Polk: War Message to Congress 1846

Which of the following was called for by Abraham Lincoln after this war message?
A.
to ask Polk to present "Spot Resolutions"
 
B.
an immediate removal of Indians
 
C.
annexation of Texas
 
D.
annexation of California
 
49
“Our … destiny [is] to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free
development of our yearly multiplying millions. . . . The Anglo-Saxon foot is already on
[California’s] borders. Already the advance guard of the irresistible army of Anglo-Saxon
emigration has begun to pour down upon it, armed with the [plow] and the rifle, and
marking its trail with schools and colleges, courts and representative halls, mills and
meetinghouses. A population will soon be in actual occupation of California. . . . Their
right to independence will be the natural right of self-government belonging to any
community strong enough to maintain it.”
— John L. O’Sullivan, 1845

The process described in the passage above most directly led to political controversies in the 1840s and 1850s over the...
A.
expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories
 
B.
authority of the Supreme Court to overturn federal laws
 
C.
role of the federal government in economic development
 
D.
use of natural resources in newly acquired territories
 
50
— February 23, 1847

“... They told today that they commence to eat the dead people 4 days ago, if they did not succeed that day or the next in finding their cattle then under ten or twelve feet of snow…”

— February 26, 1847

“... there has 10 men arrived this morning from bear valley with provisions we are to start in two or three days & Cash our goods here there is amongst them some old they say the snow will be here untill June”

— March 1, 1847“came to this place on the 31st of last month that it snowed we went on to the pass the snow so deep we were unable to find the road, when within 3 miles of the summit then turned back to this shanty on the Lake, Stanton came one day after we arriveed here we again took our teams & waggons & made another unsuccessful attempt to cross in company with Stanton we returned to the shanty it contiuneing to snow all the time we were here we now have killed most part of our cattle having to stay here untill next spring & live on poor beef without bread or salt”

Diary of Patrick Breen 1846

The above diary entries tells the story of the difficults met by which of the following families in their travels to California?
A.
The Donner's
 
B.
The Jackson's
 
C.
All Families traveling on the Sante Fe Trail
 
D.
None of the above
 
51
Whereas the President of the United States, in his message of May 11, 1846, has declared that "the Mexican Government not only refused to receive him, [the envoy of the United States,] or listen to his propositions, but, after a long-continued series of menaces, has at last invaded our territory and shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our own soil:"

And again, in his message of December 8, 1846, that "we had ample cause of war against Mexico long before the breaking out of hostilities; but even then we forbore to take redress into our own hands until Mexico herself became the aggressor, by invading our soil in hostile array, and shedding the blood of our citizens:"

And yet again, in his message of December 7, 1847, that "the Mexican Government refused even to hear the terms of adjustment which he [our minister of peace] was authorized to propose, and finally, under wholly unjustifiable pretexts, involved the two countries in war, by invading the territory of the State of Texas, striking the first blow, and shedding the blood of our citizens on our own soil."

And whereas this House is desirous to obtain a full knowledge of all the facts which go to establish whether the particular spot on which the blood of our citizens was so shed was or was not at that time our own soil: Therefore,

Resolved By the House of Representatives, That the President of the United States be respectfully requested to inform this House --

1st. Whether the spot on which the blood of our citizens was shed, as in his messages declared, was or was not within the territory of Spain, at least after the treaty of 1819, until the Mexican revolution.

2d. Whether that spot is or is not within the territory which was wrested from Spain by the revolutionary Government of Mexico.

3d. Whether that spot is or is not within a settlement of people, which settlement has existed ever since long before the Texas revolution, and until its inhabitants fled before the approach of the United States army.

4th. Whether that settlement is or is not isolated from any and all other settlements by the Gulf and the Rio Grande on the south and west, and by wide uninhabited regions on the north and east.

Which of the following is the most probable source of this document?
A.
James Polk's war message in 1846
 
B.
Abraham Lincoln's Spot Resolution to Congress
 
C.
John Tylers Campaign Speech
 
D.
James Polk's Inaugural address
 
52
“Our … destiny [is] to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions. . . . The Anglo-Saxon foot is already on
[California’s] borders. Already the advance guard of the irresistible army of Anglo-Saxon emigration has begun to pour down upon it, armed with the [plow] and the rifle, and
marking its trail with schools and colleges, courts and representative halls, mills and meetinghouses. A population will soon be in actual occupation of California. . . . Their right to independence will be the natural right of self-government belonging to any community strong enough to maintain it.”
— John L. O’Sullivan, 1845

The ideas expressed in the passage above most clearly show the influence of which of the following?
A.
Models of limited government inherent in the Articles of Confederation
 
B.
Beliefs in separation of powers articulated in the United States Constitution
 
C.
Concerns about foreign alliances expressed in George Washington’s Farewell Address
 
D.
Concepts of republican democracy found in the Declaration of Independence
 
53
Jacksonian Democrats favored all of the following EXCEPT
A.
rotation in office
 
B.
universal suffrage for white males
 
C.
the caucus system of nominating candidates
 
D.
rewarding political supporters with government jobs
 
54
After the election of 1824, the president's choice of Henry Clay as secretary of state resulted in
A.
the end of political bitterness between the major parties
 
B.
the revival of the Federalist party
 
C.
widespread criticism of the spoils system
 
D.
charges of a corrupt bargain with John Q. Adams
 
55
Which of the following documents would be most useful in evaluating Jackson's commitment to democratic values and the destruction of the BUS
A.
the Specie Curcular
 
B.
veto message of the BUS recharter
 
C.
Indian Policy Message
 
D.
Innaugural Address
 
56
The main issue in the presidential campaign of 1832 which Jackson said gave him a mandate when he won was
A.
the recharter of the BUS
 
B.
the removal of Indians from eastern lands
 
C.
the nullification crisis
 
D.
the use of federal funds for internal improvements
 
57
Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following except
A.
supporters of Clays America System
 
B.
New Immigrants such as Irish and Germans and Jackson supporters
 
C.
Westerners who wanted funds for internal improvements
 
D.
advocates of the National bank
 
58
Which of the following statements accurately describes the Monroe Doctrine?
A.
It caused an immediate change in the US role in the worlds affairs
 
B.
It asserted the US right to send troops into the countries of Latin America to provide political stabiity
 
C.
It declared US opposition to European intervention in the affairs of independent countries of the Western Hemisphere
 
D.
It was fully supported by the British government
 
59 widget
The map shows the US directly after the
A.
Louisiana Purchase
 
B.
War of 1812
 
C.
Florida Purchase
 
D.
Missouri Compromise
 
60
A major effect of John Marshall's court decisions was to
A.
expand the federal power and limit the states power
 
B.
expand the states power and limit federal power
 
C.
declare federal laws to be unconstitutional
 
D.
protect and enlarge the jurisdiction of the state courts
 
61
Henry Clay's idea of an American System included all of the following EXCEPT
A.
Protective tariffs
 
B.
internal improvements
 
C.
state banks
 
D.
federal funds for a national transportation system
 
62
Which of the following is a correct statement about the US at the beginning of the Era of Good Feelings
A.
sectionalism had become the dominant force in the nation
 
B.
there were no more divisions in the ranks of the Federalist Party
 
C.
Federalists and Republicans united on an economic program
 
D.
Nationalism strongly influenced American culture and politics
 
63
"And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labour or service is lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labour or service as aforesaid."

The above excerpt was taken from which of the following documents
A.
War Message of James Polk
 
B.
Declaration of Texas Independence
 
C.
California annexation clause 18
 
D.
Missouri Compromise
 
64
Which of the following was controversial about the America Systems proposal to build roads?
A.
federal funding of state roads
 
B.
state funding of slavery
 
C.
tolls on the Erie canal
 
D.
Indian removal in Georgia
 
65
Which of the following was NOT a major consequence of the US war with Mexico?
A.
US annexation of Texas
 
B.
long-term Mexican resentment against the US
 
C.
securing Texas' southern border of the Rio Grande
 
D.
increased sectional tensions over slavery
 
66
Which of the following BEST reflected the idea on manifest destiny?
A.
the signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty
 
B.
Henry Clay's position on Texas in the election of 1844
 
C.
the establishment of Texas as an independent republic
 
D.
the campaign platform of James Polk in 1844
 
67
The main reason for the U.S. delay in annexing Texas was the.
A.
controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico
 
B.
opposition of Great Britain and France
 
C.
independent spirit of the settlers in Texas
 
D.
opposition in Congress to adding slave states
 
68
Which of the following was the LEAST important issue in the election of 1844?
A.
settlement of the Oregon
 
B.
acquisition of California
 
C.
rechartering the Bank of the US
 
D.
annexation of Texas
 
69
Which of the following is a correct statement about the Wilmot Proviso?
A.
It forbade the introduction of slavery into territory acquired from Mexico
 
B.
It denied President Polk additional funds to conduct the war with Mexico
 
C.
It passed both houses of Congress but was vetoed by the president
 
D.
It was proposed by the Whigs to embarrass the Democrats
 
70
The Lincoln-Douglas debates resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A.
Lincoln's emergence as a national political figure
 
B.
increased support for Douglas in the South
 
C.
Douglas' reelection to the Senate
 
D.
increased public awareness of slavery as a moral issue
 
71
John Brown's primary purpose in attacking Harper's Ferry was to
A.
gain contributions from northern abolitionists
 
B.
take revenge for the death of his sons in Kansas
 
C.
start a slave rebellion in Virginia by arming them with weapons from the federal arsenal
 
D.
destroy the federal arsenal in Virginia
 
72
A political effect of the fighting in Kansas in 1855 and 1856 was to
A.
further divide the Democratic Party and the Nation
 
B.
cause the founding of the Republican Party
 
C.
elect a Republican president in 1856
 
D.
United Northern and Southern Democrats
 
73
The Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case outraged public opinion in the North chiefly because it
A.
declared the Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
 
B.
guaranteed citizenship to free blacks
 
C.
removed restrictions against the spread of slavery into the western territories
 
D.
failed to abolish slavery in the South
 
74
Which of the following was a major factor in the decline of the Whig Party?
A.
Death of John Calhoun
 
B.
Election of Abraham Lincoln
 
C.
Know-Knothing and Free Soil movement
 
D.
Bleeding Kansas
 
75
Abolitionists, although a minority in the North, mounted a highly visible campaign against slavery before the Civil War which included all of the following except?
A.
making fierce public arguments against the institution of slavery
 
B.
assistance in helping slaves escape
 
C.
adopting the 13th amendment to the constitution
 
D.
willingness to use violence
 
76
National leaders made a variety of proposals to resolve the issue of slavery in the territories, but these ultimately failed to reduce sectional conflict. Which of the following was not one of these attempts?
A.
Compromise of 1820
 
B.
Compromise of 1850
 
C.
Kansa-Nebraska Act
 
D.
Free-Soil Act
 
77
The most important geographical factor in making he South distinctive was
A.
slavery
 
B.
warmer weather suitable for growing cotton
 
C.
the lack of immigrants
 
D.
a belief that the South was distinctive
 
78
A slave insurrection in which several whites were killed involved
A.
Nat Turner in Virginia
 
B.
John Brown in Kansas
 
C.
Denmark Vesey in Charleston
 
D.
All of the above
 
79
In the Antebellum free blacks living in the south were known as
A.
Jim Crows
 
B.
Free Persons of Color
 
C.
Slave Drivers
 
D.
Planter Elites
 
80
In April 1861, hoping to avoid a conflict, new president Abraham Lincoln informed the South Carolina governor that he was sending provisions but not guns, ammunition, or soldiers to a Federal garrison off the shore of Charleston. This incident ended the waiting game and marked the first shots fired in the Civil War. What was the name of the Federal garrison
A.
Fort Bull Run
 
B.
Fort Sumter
 
C.
Fort Gettysburg
 
D.
Fort Richmond
 
81
On April 15, 1861 Lincoln issued a proclamation of war, called upon loyal states to supply 75,000 troops and four days later called for a blockade of souther ports. What event was Lincoln responding to?
A.
South Carolina's secession
 
B.
Virginia's secession
 
C.
Firing on Fort Sumter
 
D.
Battle of Bull Run
 
82
All of the following were advantages of the North during the Civil War EXCEPT?
A.
Better transportation
 
B.
More industry to convert
 
C.
Better train leaders
 
D.
Larger population
 
83
The Battle of Bull Run made which of the following southern leaders a hero?
A.
Ulysses S. Grantt
 
B.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
 
C.
Robert E. Lee
 
D.
George Sherman
 
84
General of the Union forces Gen. Winfield Scott predicted a long and costly war. After Bull Run Lincoln fell back on Scott's three pronged plan which was designed to entwine and crush the southern resistance. What was Scott's war plan called?
A.
Anaconda Plan
 
B.
Cotton Diplomacy
 
C.
Sherman's March
 
D.
Blitzkrieg
 
85
1. 51% take oath
2. martial law instituted in the south
3. ratify the 13th amendment

All of the above are points to which of the following reconstruction plans?
A.
Lincoln's Plan
 
B.
Radical Republicans
 
C.
Johnson's Plan
 
D.
Whigs Plan
 
86
"There is no such thing as Reconstruction. Those states have not gone out of the Union. Therefore Reconstruction is unnecessary."
Which of the following politicians probably said the above statement?
A.
Andrew Johnson
 
B.
Thaddeas Stevens
 
C.
John Adams
 
D.
Charles Sumner
 
87
The Radical Republicans unsuccessfully tried to impeach Johns early in 1867, alleging a variety of flimsy charges, none of which represented an indictable crime. Then Johnson provided the occasion for impeachment when he deliberately violated which of the following acts when he fired Secretary of war Edwin Stanton?
A.
13th Amendment
 
B.
tenure of office act
 
C.
homestead act
 
D.
command of army act
 
88
Former slaves had little money or technical training and were thus faced with the prospect of becoming wage laborers to support themselves. To avoid this and retain as much autonomy as possible over their productive energies and those of their children, many freed slaves chose to become sharecroppers.
True  
False  
89
The Compromise of 1877 ended Reconstruction
True  
False  
90
Which of the following groups controlled the political life of the South in the Antebellum?
A.
Poor Whites
 
B.
Planter Elite
 
C.
Free persons of color
 
D.
Republicans
 
91
Pregnant slaves were given less work to do and more food. Owners on some plantations rewarded new mothers with dresses and silver dollars.
True  
False  
92
All are true of "Free Persons of Color" living in the South EXCEPT
A.
Suffered widespread discrimintation
 
B.
required to carry a pass
 
C.
in many cases could not travel farther than a county away
 
D.
given the right to vote
 
93
Which of the following groups proposed to resettle freed slaves in Africa?
A.
Radical Republicans
 
B.
American Colonization Society
 
C.
Democrats
 
D.
Free-Soilers
 
94
"I have plowed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me - and ar'n't I a woman? I have borne thirteen children and seen 'em mos' all sold off into slavery, and when I cried out with a mother's grief, none but Jesus heard - and ar'n't i a woman."

The above was an excerpt from a speech given by which abolitionists and women's right advocate
A.
Sarah Grimke
 
B.
Fredrick Douglas
 
C.
Harriet Tubman
 
D.
Sojourner Truth
 
95
Northern Advantages in the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT
A.
A superior navy
 
B.
A superior railroad network
 
C.
general agreement over war aims
 
D.
greater capacity to produce military equipment
 
96
President Lincoln was reluctant to emancipate the slaves in the first year of the Civil War because
A.
he feared that freeing the slaves would bring England and France into the war
 
B.
Congress was opposed to emancipation
 
C.
He knew that a proclamation about slavery would only further alienate the South
 
D.
he feared that emancipation would drive the border states out of the Union
 
97
Which of the following BEST describes an immediate effect of the Emancipation Proclamation?
A.
Slaves in the border states became free
 
B.
Slaves n the Deep South became free
 
C.
The abolition of slavery in the Confederate territory became on of the North's war goals
 
D.
Lincoln's reelection was assured
 
98
The economic impact of the Civil War included all of the following EXCEPT
A.
an increasing number of women in the labor force
 
B.
widespread destruction of property in the South
 
C.
creation of a national banking system in the North
 
D.
reduced rate of industrial production in the North
 
99
Which of the following accurately describes northern politics during the Civil War?
A.
Democrats challenged Republicans for control of national and state offices but Republicans maintained control
 
B.
Republicans were united behind Lincoln's leadershiip
 
C.
The suspension of habeas corpus discouraged many Democrats from voting
 
D.
Lincoln had no trouble wining reelection in 1864
 
100
Which of the following was NOT provided for African Americans by congressional Reconstruction?
A.
guarantee of U.S. citizenship
 
B.
equal protection of the laws
 
C.
distribution of confiscated Confederate farmlands
 
D.
protection of voting rights
 
101
The Republican Reconstruction governments in the South accomplished all of the following EXCEPT
A.
a developing state-supported public school systems for whites and blacks
 
B.
reducing waste and corruption in local and state governments
 
C.
founding state institutions to care for the sick
 
D.
adopting liberalized state constitutions
 
102
Which plan for Reconstruction sought to blame and punish the South for the Civil War and ensure the fair treatment of former slaves?
A.
Lincoln's
 
B.
Radical Republicans
 
C.
Johnson's
 
D.
Northern Democrats
 
103
The Radical Republicans enacted Military rule in the South broken into five districts.
True  
False  
104
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a Radical Republican in the Congress.
True  
False  
105
"....Fellow Citizens: Pardon me, and allow me to ask, why am I called to speak here today? What have I or those I represent to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? And am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the benefits, and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us?"

The above quote was from which of the following?
A.
Sojourner Truth "Aint I a Woman" speech
 
B.
Abraham Lincoln "Emancipation Proclamation"
 
C.
Fredrick Douglas "Fourth of July" speech
 
D.
Harriet Tubman "Underground railroad" speech
 
106
"Congress alone can do it. . . . Congress must create States and declare when they are entitled to be represented. Then each House must judge whether the members presenting themselves from a recognized State possess the requisite qualifications of age, residence, and citizenship; and whether the election and returns are according to law. ... "

The above is most likely an excerpt from which of the following congressional leaders?
A.
Abraham Lincoln
 
B.
Thaddeas Stevens
 
C.
Jefferson Davis
 
D.
Andrew Johnson
 
107
•"No person of color shall migrate into and reside in this state, unless, within twenty days after his arrival within the same, he shall enter into a bond with two freeholders as sureties"

•"Servants shall not be absent from the premises without the permission of the master"

The above are both examples of
A.
Black Codes
 
B.
13th amendment provisions
 
C.
Civil Rights Acts
 
D.
Supreme Court Rulings
 
108
"That man over there says that women need to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And ain't I a woman? Look at me! Look at my arm! I have ploughed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain't I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man - when I could get it - and bear the lash as well! And ain't I a woman? I have borne thirteen children, and seen most all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother's grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain't I a woman?"

The above is an excerpt from which of the following speeches?
A.
Fredrick Douglas "Fourth of July"
 
B.
Sojourner Truth "Aint I a Woman"
 
C.
Mary Lincoln "Address before Congress"
 
D.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton "Address to Seneca Falls"
 
109
"And that claim is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federated self-government entrusted to us."

The above excerpt was from which of the following leaders?
A.
Abraham Lincoln
 
B.
John O' Sullivan
 
C.
Thaddeus Stevens
 
D.
Chief Joseph
 
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