OBHR - Perception

Test created by  Jean Frichon
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This exam will test your knowledge on organizational behaviour

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1
What is Perception ?
A.
Something that you feel when you're into it, when you are able to see things that others can't
 
B.
A process by which individuals understand their vision of the world
 
C.
A process by which individuals organize and interpret their impressions in order to give meaning to their environment
 
D.
The five senses average humans have
 
2
A perceiver's interpretation is heavely influenced by his/her personal characteristics.
True  
False  
3
An individual's perception is influenced by three main factors. Those factors are
A.
The Situation, The Target, The Perceiver.
 
B.
The Environment, The Group, The Perceiver.
 
4
Situational Factors are :
A.
Novelty, Sonds, Neighbours
 
B.
Attitudes, Motives, Backgrounds
 
C.
Time, Work settings, Social Settings
 
5
Factors concerning the Perceiver are
A.
Attitudes, Time, Influence, Job
 
B.
Experience, Time, Work Settings, Sounds
 
C.
Attitudes, Motives, Interests, Experience
 
6
Target Factors are :
A.
Background, Attitudes, Motive, Work settings
 
B.
Novelty, Motion, Sounds, Size, Background
 
C.
Characteristics, Social settings, Experience
 
7
A target's characteristics also affect what is perceived. If those characteristics are extreme, they are more likely to be noticed
True  
False  
8
attribution theory : The theory that when we observe what seems like atypical behaviour by an individual, we attempt to determine whether it is internally or externally caused.

On your opinion, an external cause is when the individual is responsible for the behaviour.
True  
False  
9
In order to determine whether a behaviour is internally or externally caused, we rely on three rules about the behaviour: distinctiveness, consensus, and consistency.

Distinctiveness is:
A.
A behavioural rule that considers if everyone faced with similar situation responds in the same way
 
B.
A behavioural rule that considers whether an individual acts similarly across a variety of situations
 
C.
A behavioural rule that considers whether the individual has been acting in the same way over time
 
10
In order to determine whether a behaviour is internally or externally caused, we rely on three rules about the behaviour: distinctiveness, consensus, and consistency.

Consensus is:
A.
A behavioural rule that considers whether an individual acts similarly across a variety of situations
 
B.
A behavioural rule that considers if everyone faced with similar situation responds in the same way
 
C.
A behavioural rule that considers whether the individual has been acting in the same way over time
 
11
In order to determine whether a behaviour is internally or externally caused, we rely on three rules about the behaviour: distinctiveness, consensus, and consistency.

Consistency is:
A.
A behavioural rule that considers whether the individual has been acting in the same way over time
 
B.
A behavioural rule that considers whether an individual acts similarly across a variety of situations
 
C.
A behavioural rule that considers if everyone faced with similar situation responds in the same way
 
12
Fundamental attribution error is
A.
The tendency for individuals to attribute their own successes to internal factors while putting the blame for failures on external factors
 
B.
Then tendency to underestimate the influence of external factors and overestimate the influence of internal factors when making judgments about the behaviour of others
 
13
Self-serving bias is
A.
The tendency for individuals to attribute their own successes to internal factors while putting the blame for failures on external factors
 
B.
Then tendency to underestimate the influence of external factors and overestimate the influence of internal factors when making judgments about the behaviour of others
 
14
Selective Perception means that people's selective interpretation of what they see are based on their interests, background, experience, and attitudes.
True  
False  
15
The Halo effect is:
A.
The concept that our reaction to one person is often influenced by other people we have recently encountered
 
B.
Attributing one's own characteristics to other people
 
C.
Drawing a general impression of an individual on the basis of a single characteristic
 
D.
The game's popularity spreading to the public
 
16
Contrast effects are:
A.
Drawing a general impression of an individual on the basis of a single characteristic
 
B.
The concept that our reaction to one person is often influenced by other people we have recently encountered
 
C.
Attributing one's own characteristics to other people
 
17
Projection is:
A.
The concept that our reaction to one person is often influenced by other people we have recently encountered
 
B.
Drawing a general impression of an individual on the basis of a single characteristic
 
C.
Attributing one's own characteristics to other people
 
18
Stereotyping is:
A.
An unfounded dislike of a person or group based on their belonging to a particular stereotyped group
 
B.
Judging someone on the basis of one's perception of the group to which that person belongs
 
C.
A concept that proposes a person will behave in ways consistent with how he or she is perceived by others
 
19
The self-fulfilling prophecy is:
A.
An unfounded dislike of a person or group based on their belonging to a particular stereotyped group
 
B.
Judging someone on the basis of one's perception of the group to which that person belongs
 
C.
A concept that proposes a person will behave in ways consistent with how he or she is perceived by others
 
20
A prejudice is:
A.
Judging someone on the basis of one's perception of the group to which that person belongs
 
B.
An unfounded dislike of a person or group based on their belonging to a particular stereotyped group
 
C.
A concept that proposes a person will behave in ways consistent with how he or she is perceived by others
 
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