Sociology 101 Exam Review: Chapter Ten

 
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Chapter ten exam review for sociology

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1
True or false: Absolute poverty is a minimum level of subsistence that no family should be expected to live below.
True  
False  
2
True or false: Achieved status is a social position assigned to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics.
True  
False  
3
True or false: "A social position that a person attains largely through his or her own efforts" is an achieved status.
True  
False  
4
What is Karl Marx's term for the capitalist class, compromising the owners of the means of production?
A.
Bourgeoisie
 
B.
Caste
 
C.
Cultural capital
 
D.
Dominant ideology
 
5
What definition accurately mentions the word capitalism?
A.
An economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits
 
B.
The capacity to organize to accomplish some particular goal.
 
C.
The movement of an individual from one social position to another of the same rank.
 
6
What is defined as a "hereditary rank, usually religiously dictated, that tends to be fixed and immobile?"
A.
Caste
 
B.
Class
 
C.
Closed system
 
7
Sociology determines class as:
A.
A social ranking based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility
 
B.
Our tastes, knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs
 
C.
A group of people who have a similar level of economic recourses.
 
8
Class consciousness is defined as "a subjective awareness held by members of a class regarding their vested interests and the need for collective political action to bring about social change." Which sociologist made this term?
A.
Marx Wright
 
B.
Karl Marx
 
C.
Amy Durkheim
 
9
A social ranking based primarily on economic position in which achieved characteristics can influence social mobility is defined as:
A.
Digital divide
 
B.
Class system
 
C.
Esteem
 
10
A _____ system is a social system in which there is no or little possibility of social mobility.
A.
Caste
 
B.
Dominant ideology
 
C.
Closed system
 
11
True or false: Cultural capital is our tastes, knowledge, attitudes, language, and ways of thinking that we exchange in interaction with others.
True  
False  
12
____ = the relative lack of access to the latest technology among low income groups, racial and ethnic minorities, rural residents, and the citizens of developing countries.
Hint: It is *not* internet withdrawal.
A.
Internet withdrawal
 
B.
Horizontal Mobility
 
C.
Digital devide
 
13
Dominant ideology is defined as a set of cultural practices and beliefs that helps to maintain a powerful social, economic, and political interests. True or false?
True  
False  
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