Sociology CH 10 Review For Final [Sociology 101]

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This is an exam review for Sociology Chapter Ten. It follows the terms and definitions as provided in the textbook Soc 2011. Good luck.

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1
True or false: Absolute poverty is defined as a minimum level of subsistence that no family should be expected to live below.
True  
False  
2
What is defined as “a social position assigned to a person by society without regard for the person’s unique talents or characteristics?”
A.
Ascribed status
 
B.
Achieved status
 
C.
Karl Marx
 
3
The term bourgeoisie is a term that means the capitalist class, compromising the owners of the means of production. It was coined by:
A.
Karl Marx
 
B.
George Washigton
 
C.
Steven Webster
 
4
____ is defined as an economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits.
A.
Capitalism
 
B.
Class consciousness
 
C.
Cultural capital
 
D.
Class system
 
5
True or false: Caste is defined as a hereditary rank, usually religiously dictated. That tends to be fixed and immobile.
True  
False  
6
Class consciousness is defined as a subjective awareness that is held by members of a class regarding their common vested interests and the need for collective political action to bring about social change. It is coined by who?
A.
Karl Marx
 
B.
Steven Weber
 
7
True or false: In the United States, social class is a touchy subject.
True  
False  
8
What is the term for “condition in which members of society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power?” - Social inequality
A.
Social inequality
 
B.
Caste
 
C.
Social class and fish
 
9
What is the term for “structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society?”
A.
Stratification
 
B.
Cultural Capital
 
C.
Digital Divide
 
D.
Wolf (bark, bark)
 
10
Define slavery, caste, estate system, and class in your own words.
11
The United States of America has a five-class model used to describe the United States class system. Pick the correct list.
A.
Upper class, upper-middle class, lower-middle class, working class, lower class
 
B.
The lower class. The upper class. The dancing class. The sociology class.
 
12
_____ is the movement of individuals or groups from one position in a society’s stratification system to another.
(Pick the correct term)
A.
Social mobility
 
B.
Horizontal mobility
 
C.
Income
 
13
The ____ system is a system a system where a position of each individual influenced by his or her achieved status. A ___ system is a system where there is little to no possibility of social mobility.

(Pick the correct order)
A.
Open, closed, shut, down
 
B.
Closed, open, closed
 
C.
Open, closed
 
14
____ is a group of people who have similar economic recourses.
A.
Income
 
B.
Class
 
C.
Boggart!
 
15
True or false: Karl Marx coined the term “a social awareness held by members of a class regarding their common vested interests and need for collective political action to bring about social economic change.” The term is class consciousness.
True  
False  
16
The ____ is a social ranking based primarily on economic position in which there is little to no possibility of individual social mobility. (Closed system)
A.
Bourgeoisie
 
B.
Closed system
 
17
_______ is defined as our tastes, knowledge, attitudes, language, and ways of thinking that we exchange in interaction with others.
A.
Cultural capital
 
B.
False conciousness
 
C.
Karl Marx
 
D.
Income
 
18
The ____ divide is the relative lack of access to the latest technology among low-income groups, racial and ethnic minorities, rural residents, and citizens of developing countries.
A.
Income barrier
 
B.
Digital divide
 
C.
Computer withdrawal
 
D.
What?!?! No Facebook?!
 
19
____ ___ is the proper term for a set of cultural beliefs and practices that helps to maintain a powerful social, economic, and political interests.
A.
Ask No Questions, Get No Answers
 
B.
Dominant ideology
 
C.
Cultural Capital
 
D.
Income
 
20
The ______ _____ is a system of stratification under which peasants were required to work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for military protection and other services. It is also known as feudalism.
A.
Brownie Points!!!
 
B.
Closed system
 
C.
Estate system
 
D.
Income and high interest rates
 
21
The term, ______, refers to the reputation that a specific person has earned within an occupation.
Note: As coined by sociologists.
A.
Dorothy of the Wizard of Oz
 
B.
False consciousness
 
C.
Class
 
D.
Esteem
 
22
True or false: Karl Marx coined the term false consciousness, which means “to describe an attitude held by members of a class that does not accurately reflect their objective position.”
True  
False  
23
The term, _____ mobility, means the movement of one individual from one social position to another of the same rank.
A.
Esteem
 
B.
Horizontal mobility
 
C.
Income mobility
 
24
The term, ____, means wages and salaries measured over some period; such as per hour or per year.
A.
Income
 
B.
Class
 
C.
Cultural Capital
 
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