10 History End of Semester Test

 
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1
Which of the following is in the correct historical order?
A.
Great Depression / The Great War/ Cold War / World War 2
 
B.
World War 2/ Great Depression/ Cold War / The Great War
 
C.
The Great War/ Great Depression / World War 2 / Cold War
 
D.
The Great War/ Great Depression/ Cold War / World War 2
 
2
What came first?
A.
The Hindenburg Disaster
 
B.
The use of gas in battle
 
C.
Lego
 
D.
The Great Depression
 
3
What came first?
A.
Lego
 
B.
A personal desktop computer
 
C.
Radar
 
D.
Landing on the moon
 
4
Which of these did NOT belong to the Central Powers who fought in the First World War?
A.
The Ottoman Empire
 
B.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire
 
C.
The German Empire
 
D.
The Japanese Empire
 
5
Which of these did NOT belong to the Allied Powers in the First World War?
A.
The Japanese Empire
 
B.
Communist Russia
 
C.
The United States of America
 
D.
France
 
6
How many Australians were killed in the First World War?
A.
40 000
 
B.
60 000
 
C.
100 000
 
D.
120 000
 
7
Australians voted twice to decide if fighting in the First World War should be compulsory or voluntary. What is it called if you vote on an issue.
A.
An election
 
B.
A constitution
 
C.
A poll
 
D.
A referendum
 
8
Which of the following was NOT one of President Wilson's 14 Points?
A.
Form a League of Nations
 
B.
Make Germany pay reparations and accept War Guilt
 
C.
Prohibit all secret treaties between nations
 
D.
Allow all nations the use of the world's oceans
 
9
America did not join the League of Nations. Why was this the case?
A.
Because President Wilson changed his mind
 
B.
Because President Wilson could not convince the American people
 
C.
Because President Wilson was not re-elected
 
D.
Because President Wilson died
 
10
The Armistice came into effect on
A.
11/11/1918 at midnight
 
B.
11/11/1918 at midday
 
C.
11/11/1918 at 11 am
 
D.
11/11/1918 at 11 pm
 
11
An Armistice is very different from a Peace Treaty. Under an Armistice
A.
all fighting stops but nothing else changes
 
B.
all fighting stops but one side is declared a winner of the war
 
C.
all fighting stops and all land is returned to whoever won it during the war
 
D.
all fighting stops and there is no chance of it starting again
 
12
There were a series of treaties which were signed in 1919 and 1920 to officially end the Great War. Of these which was the most famous?
A.
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
 
B.
Treaty of Versailles
 
C.
Treaty of Berlin
 
D.
Treaty of Lacarno
 
13
At the end of the Great War Australia was granted control over Papua New Guinea by the League of Nations. Our control was issued under a
A.
referendum
 
B.
franchise
 
C.
mandate
 
D.
order
 
14
When Germany signed the Peace Treaty they had to agree to a series of very harsh conditions. Which of these was NOT one of the conditions.
A.
Had to accept the blame for starting the war
 
B.
Had to pay reparations
 
C.
Had to disband all their armed forces
 
D.
Had to give up all their Empire
 
15
At the end of the First World War many new nations were created. Which list contains a nation NOT formed at the end of the Great War?
A.
Poland Iraq Turkey Estonia
 
B.
Iraq Poland Lebanon Lithuania
 
C.
Latvia Iraq Poland Palestine
 
D.
Poland Turkey Italy Poland
 
16
The leader of Germany during the First World War was called the
A.
Caesar
 
B.
Emperor
 
C.
Kaiser
 
D.
King
 
17
Under the Treaty at the end of World War 1 Poland was given access to the sea. This was controversial because
A.
it was a new country
 
B.
it took a harbour from Germany
 
C.
it formed a corridor through Germany splitting the nation
 
D.
they had no fleet
 
18
At the end of the war the German navy was
A.
destroyed by British submarines and destroyers
 
B.
sunk (scuttled) by the German sailors
 
C.
taken by the Allies to be used as their ships
 
D.
sold as scrap metal to industry around the world
 
19
The League of Nations was fatally flawed at birth mostly because
A.
not all nations were allowed to join
 
B.
not all nations wanted to join
 
C.
it had no way to enforce its decisions
 
D.
it represented the view of only the Allies
 
20
Look at Stimulus A on the sheet.
Who sent out this note to mark the death of an Australian solider in the First World War?
A.
The Prime Minister of Australia
 
B.
The King
 
C.
Owen Gorman
 
D.
George Gorman
 
21
Why is "God will answer" underlined at the bottom of the note?
A.
Because the person was religious and hoped that God would reward his son
 
B.
Because the person was religious and hoped that God would punish the leaders of the War
 
C.
Because the person was religious and hoped that God would provide him with an answer to problems he could not solve
 
D.
All three are reasonably assumptions
 
22
In the lead up to World War 2 which nation refused to sell oil to the Empire of Japan.
A.
England
 
B.
Australia
 
C.
China
 
D.
United States of America
 
23
Which country invaded Abyssinia in Oct 1935 knowing that the League of Nations would not take effective measure to stop them?
A.
Germany
 
B.
Russia
 
C.
Italy
 
D.
Japan
 
24
Look at B.
This is a political cartoon which was printed in a British and then Australian newspaper to make a comment about the invasion of Abyssinia. The attitude of the cartoonist towards the invading nation is best summarised as
A.
supportive
 
B.
slightly negative
 
C.
nagative
 
D.
entirely negative
 
25
Which weapon of war, first used in the Great War, is highlighted in the cartoon as being the greatest threat to towns and individuals?
A.
gas
 
B.
bomber aircraft
 
C.
high explosives
 
D.
machine guns
 
26
Look at Stimulus C.
Which event is Hitler attending on this day?
A.
The Disarmament Conference
 
B.
The celebration of the invasion of Poland
 
C.
The Berlin Olympic Games
 
D.
The last Congress of the League of Nations
 
27
Look at D:
These two men fought against the Allies in Europe during the Second World War. Together they were called the..
A.
Central Powers
 
B.
The Triple Alliance
 
C.
The Axis
 
D.
The Entente
 
28
Read E:
This was the text of the speech given by the Australian Prime Minister which announced that the nation was involved in the Second World War.
What was his name?
A.
Doc Everett
 
B.
Edward Barton
 
C.
Winston Churchill
 
D.
Robert Menzies
 
29
According to the speech what reason is given for Australia joining the war?
A.
Germany attacked Poland
 
B.
Great Britain had declared war
 
C.
We were "a great family of nations" joined by the League
 
D.
We were a democratic country
 
30
Here is a list of battles during WW2 which involved Australians. Which was the closest to the Australian mainland?
A.
El Alamein
 
B.
Kokoda
 
C.
Singapore
 
D.
Battle of the Coral Sea
 
31
We discussed various ideologies (political views) during the course. We noted that the rise of Fascism (and its very close cousin Nazism) came at the same time as the rise of Communism. Read the following quotes and decide which ideology they best represent.

"Workers of the world unite. You have nothing to lose but your chains."
A.
Fascist
 
B.
Communist
 
32
"Religion is the opiate (a drug) of the people".
A.
Fascist
 
B.
Communist
 
33
"I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against the Jew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord."
A.
Fascist
 
B.
Communist
 
34
The theory may be summed up in a single sentence. Abolition of private property
A.
Fascist
 
B.
Communist
 
35
We refuse to conceal our views and aims. We openly declare that they can only be achieved by the forcible overthrow of all existing societies. Let the ruling classes tremble at a revolution.
A.
Fascist
 
B.
Communist
 
36
Look at Stimulus Material G:
Why were indigenous Australians not legally allowed to wear Australian military uniforms till after World War 2?
A.
Because they were not considered good soldiers
 
B.
Because they were not able to serve overseas
 
C.
Because they were not legally Australian citizens
 
D.
Because they would not swear an oath to defend the nation
 
37
What was the name of the policy which resulted in about a dozen indigenous trackers who served in the Boer War (1899-1902) from not being allowed to return to Australia?
A.
Aboriginal Non-Repatriation Policy
 
B.
White Australia Policy
 
C.
Restitution of Racial Rights Policy
 
38
Look at Stimulus H. This is part of a speech given by the Australian "Doc" Evatt to the United Nations General Assembly in 1947.

What was the name given to the "half light between war and peace"?
A.
Collective Insecurity
 
B.
The Arms Race
 
C.
The Cold War
 
D.
The Enigma for the Security Council
 
39
As part of Australia's commitment to the United Nations and the vision of the UN to "maintain world peace" we have provided Peace Keeping Forces to many parts of the world.

Which of the following troop deployments was NOT authorized by the UN?
A.
Korean War
 
B.
East Timor
 
C.
Vietnam War
 
D.
Cyprus
 
40
Look at I.
This historic protest was held on 26 January and arranged by the Aborigines Progressive Association to protest 'the callous treatment of our people by the whitemen during the past 150 years'. It demanded that indigenous Australians be given full rights as citizens.
What year was this protest?

What year was this protest held?
A.
1938
 
B.
1947
 
C.
1956
 
D.
1974
 
41
Which of the following was not asked for by the Conference delegates?
A.
unemployment benefits
 
B.
pensions
 
C.
better education
 
D.
return of land
 
42
Look at J. Who are the two men shaking hands in the photograph at Wattie Creek in 1975?
A.
Bob Hawke and Archie Roach
 
B.
Gough Whitlam and Vincent Lingiari
 
C.
Paul Keating and Eddie Mabo
 
D.
Kevin Rudd and Noel Pearson
 
43
The 20th Century has been a time of tremendous change. The rate of change has continued to increase. Which TWO of the following have taken place within your lifetime?
A.
More than 50% of the world population has access to telephones
 
B.
More than 50% of the world population now lives in cities
 
C.
More than 50% of the world population watched the Beijing Olympic Games
 
D.
More than 50% of the world population has received a high school education
 
E.
The world population has exceeded 7 billion
 
44
Which 20th Century text has been awarded the Guinness World Record for having been translated into more than 300 languages and dialects, from Abkhaz to Zulu?
A.
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
 
B.
The Treaty of Versailles
 
C.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 
D.
The UN Report on Global Warming
 
45
We discussed a range of words which were invented during the 20th century and which have entered into our language. Which is these does NOT come from the 20th century?
A.
lego
 
B.
computer
 
C.
Anzac
 
D.
internet
 
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